Education and Academia Fellowships:

  • Teaching fellowships:
  • Academic teaching position title.
  • Equivalent to a senior lecturer.
  • Given upon retirement in the UK.
  • Assistants in secondary schools.
  • Assist teachers in classes.
  • Medical fellowships:
  • Follow residency training.
  • Subspecialty training programs (e.g., cardiology, pediatric nephrology).
  • Common in US medical institutions.
  • Duration usually 1 to 3 years.
  • Research fellowships:
  • Academic position at universities.
  • Equivalent to lecturer in Commonwealth.
  • Financial grants for research.
  • Examples: NSF, DoD, DOE fellowships.
  • Prestigious programs like MacArthur Fellows.

Training Program Fellowships:

  • Fellowships as a training program:
  • Offer capacity-building placements.
  • Gain experience in government.
  • Professional training programs.
  • Financial grants provided.
  • Examples: AAAS, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Special Membership Grade Fellowships:

  • Fellowships as a special membership grade:
  • Highest grade in professional associations.
  • Lower grades: members or associates.
  • Exclusive societies like Royal Society.
  • Awarded as a title of honor.
  • Varies in requirements for awarding.

Industry and Corporate Fellowships:

  • Industry and Corporate Fellows:
  • Companies appoint top senior researchers as corporate, technical, or industry fellows.
  • Most senior rank in a scientific or engineering career.
  • Internationally recognized leaders.
  • Often hold business titles like Vice President or Chief Technology Officer.
  • Receive stipend, professional experience, and leadership training.

Additional Resources and References:

  • Look up ‘fellow’ in Wiktionary for more information.
  • Explore the honorary title (academic) related to fellows.
  • Check out the list of science awards for further reference.
  • Various fellowship programs like University Research Fellowship, Sir Henry Wellcome Postdoctoral Fellowships, and David Phillips Fellowships.
  • Differentiate between internships and fellowships with resources from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
  • References from Lexico.com, HarperCollins Publishers, Teaching Fellows, Royal Society, and Imperial College London.
Fellow (Wikipedia)

A fellow is a concept whose exact meaning depends on context. In learned or professional societies, it refers to a privileged member who is specially elected in recognition of their work and achievements. Within the context of higher educational institutions, a fellow can be a member of a highly ranked group of teachers at a particular college or university or a member of the governing body in some universities; it can also be a specially selected postgraduate student who has been appointed to a post (called a fellowship) granting a stipend, research facilities and other privileges for a fixed period (usually one year or more) in order to undertake some advanced study or research, often in return for teaching services. In the context of research and development-intensive large companies or corporations, the title "fellow" is sometimes given to a small number of senior scientists and engineers. In the context of medical education in North America, a fellow is a physician who is undergoing a supervised, sub-specialty medical training (fellowship) after having completed a specialty training program (residency).


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